Gastrectomy is indicated for the treatment of bleeding gastric ulcer, stomach cancer and noncancerous polyps. This procedure involves the surgical removal of all or part of the stomach.
A large incision is made just below the breastbone to the navel. If the lower end of the stomach is diseased, clamps are placed on either end of the area and that portion of the stomach is removed. The upper part of the stomach is then attached to the small intestine.
If the upper end of the stomach is diseased, the affected portion is removed, and the lower part of the stomach is attached to the esophagus.
Total gastrectomy is done when most of the stomach is affected. The stomach is removed and the esophagus is joined to the intestine. Lymph nodes, a section of the pancreas, and the spleen may also need to be removed if there is cancer.
Duration of stay: 10 days